Bios - Discography - Reviews

Europe tours

back to Spring Garden

Jack with his bare-thigh mute on the alto in Toledo Ohio.

publicity blurb and resume--take your pick!


short version:

Jack Wright is a saxophonist in the Philadelphia area, one of the originals of American free improvisation, and still actively touring. Now 81, he lived some diverse lives, as activist and academic, until settling into music full-time in 1979--free playing is all he's done since then. Now post-covid he is again touring in Europe (April 2023) and the US, where he is still the "Johnny Appleseed of Free Improvisation," as guitarist Davey Williams called him. He started out in the free jazz direction, but by the late 90's found that boring and conventional; shifting gears a few times he is now playing sounds that few have heard before. His playing consists of distorted pitches, precise timing, intrusive multiphonics, sudden changes of direction, obscene animalistic sounds, and occasional "real" notes. He partners mostly with Zach Darrup, Ben Bennett, Evan Lipson, and Ron Stabinsky, his most current groups being Wrest, Minimal Disturbance, Roughhousing, and Never. He published a book in 2017, The Free Musics, sold to most of the free players in the US and many in Europe. He just released a book of mostly political critique, drawing on his background, Shaky Ground. For the books go here; for sounds, etc. see Spring Garden Music.


Described forty years ago as an "undergrounder by design," Jack Wright is a veteran saxophone improviser based mainly in Philadelphia and living in nearby Easton PA. In 1979, after an academic career teaching at Temple University (European History) and activist politics, he returned to the instrument of his youth. Almost immediately he discovered free improv, virtually unknown at the time and still obscure. He is one of the few who have played this exclusively since then, one of the originals of the 80s era. He plays mostly on tour through the US and Europe in search of interesting partners and playing situations. Now at 80 he is still the "Johnny Appleseed of Free Improvisation," as the late guitarist Davey Williams called him back in the 80s, continuing to inspire musicians, playing and organizing sessions and gigs with visiting and resident players old and new. His Spring Garden Music House has been around since 1977, for the past sixteen years housing only improvisers and providing space for sessions. In the early 00s it was the space for the No Nets he oganized.

He has avoided the standard career aimed at visibility and prestige, seeing it as a hindrance to musical growth. The partners he's preferred over the years have also been mostly unknown to the music press, and too numerous to list here. His current focus is sound-oriented, mostly associated the underground known as electronic noise music. His main partners the past several years have been Zach Darrup, guitar,Ben Bennett, percussion, Evan Lipson, double bass, and Ron Stabinsky. keyboards, the personnel of Wrest, Minimal Disturbance, Roughhousing, and Never.

Jack is what used to be called a "musician's musician," yet unschooled in music, learning through interaction with partners and private discipline. He's said to have the widest vocabulary of any, and still expanding--leaping pitches, punchy, precise timing, the entire range of volume, intrusive and sculptured multiphonics, vocalizations, and obscene animalistic sounds. You'll hear the most conventional jazz sound for a second or two and "post-electronic saxophone" the next. His playing sums up his 40-plus years of improvising, from lyrical, Ornette-style free jazz at first, then hard-blasting and emotive, then the opposite of that--reduced, quiet playing around 2000. The past dozen years he's come back to more physically engaged playing, but with a phrasing and variable sound unique among sax players.

In 2017 he published, The Free Musics, which has sold around 900 copies, mainly to improvisers in the US through direct contact, and often on tour. In 2022 he published another book, Shaky Ground, which combines his self-questioning and life experiences with a historical analysis of the current situation, particularly the left today. His books are available from him, info at Spring Garden Editions.

A reviewer for the Washington Post said, "In the rarefied, underground world of experimental free improvisation, saxophonist Jack Wright is king."

See Spring Garden Music, for more information.


The resume:


Alto, soprano, tenor  saxophones; piano
Born Pittsburgh PA in 1942 and grew up around Philadelphia and Chicago. He began playing saxophone in 1952 with private lessons; also singing in groups large and small through 1964, including a blue grass trio (playing washtub bass), which recorded an album, "Undertaking Bluegrass." After this he ceased playing music. He attended Lafayette College in Easton PA, where he studied European history and literature and graduated 1964; Johns Hopkins University, MA in European history, 1973; taught history at CCNY in NY and then Temple U. 1967-72. When he was fired for lack of the Ph.D. he painted houses, worked on rehab construction crews, and worked as a handyman, picking up skills in an improvised fashion.

From '69 to '75 or so he was involved in left politics, organizing mainly on a community level, then joining a left study group. When that came to an end, after a time of self-searching, he picked up the horn again, and in '79 began improvising freely on the saxophone and piano.

At the time, people thought it was impossible to play without a structure, so partners for this music were few. He sought them out in NY and the East Coast, traveled to the West Coast in '82, then in '83 began two month tours in Europe, which continued until 1986.

In the US his East Coast partners were Toshi Makihara, Jim Meneses, William Parker, and Todd Whitman. In Europe he performed with Hannes Bauer, Joe Sachse, Wigald Boning, Lars Rudolph, Wittwulf Malik, the late Peter Hollinger, Bernhard Arndt, and Andreas (now Max) Stehle, with whom he toured in Germany, England, Switzerland and Italy. In 1984 he began touring the US, either as soloist, with the Chicago dancer Bob Eisen, guitarist Chris Cochrane and the Shakin Rays of Chattanooga, and with his European partners, Stehle, Roger Turner, Malik, and Rudolph.

In this period of the eighties his music would today be classified as free jazz, very full and expressive. He was known for playing in places that had never been exposed to free improvisation, and encouraging young players everywhere, such that guitarist Davey Williams titled him the “Johnny Appleseed of free improvisation."

With his only vinyl record to date, "Free Life, Singing," in 1983, he began a label, Spring Garden Music, which presents his own music and that of his partners.

In 1988 Wright moved to Boulder CO and began painting, revisited his private study of European literature and philosophy, and explored the psychology and spirituality he found in Boulder. In the nineties he began a journal, some of which is here; an early part of his journal was later included in Shaky Ground,. He was still practicing and playing regularly, and as a member of the local community of players he formed the Front Range Improvisers Orchestra, FRIO, and continued touring the US. In the late nineties there was a resurgence of interest in non-idiomatic free improvisation in the US, especially coming from Boston, but increasingly throughout the country. In 2000 Wright did an extensive tour of the West Coast with Boston soprano saxophonist Bhob Rainey, and recorded with him in three different groups. His music became often sound-oriented, using space, texture, and sustained tones, but always with a characteristic energy and lyrical musicality.

He moved back to the East Coast in 2003 to be closer to where improv was most resurgent, and now lives in Easton PA. He has worked to strengthen the free improv scene in Philadelphia by turning his former home there on Spring Garden St. into a residence for such players, where he goes regularly for sessions.

Wright has presented his music at most of the improv festivals in the US: four years at High Zero in Baltimore, several years at the Seattle Improv Festival, the SFALT and the Outsound New Music Summit, a festival in the Bay Area, the Autumn Uprising in Boston, and the Improvised and Otherwise Festival in Brooklyn. In 2005 he performed at the Museum of Modern Art in NY in a mini-festival, Relay, involving 13 American and European players. He performed as a soloist at the 2006 Irtijal Festival in Beirut; he and percussionist Andrew Drury performed at the 2007 N.O. (not only) Jazz Festival in Zagreb Croatia; and in 2008 in a trio with Olivier Toulemonde and Agnes Palier at the ContemporaneaMente Festival in Lodi Italy.

In 2017 he published, The Free Musics, which has sold around 900 copies, mainly to improvisers in the US through direct contact, and often on tour. Wright was interviewed by Cadence Magazine, ( p. 55-73) for that book. Then in 2022 he published another book, Shaky Ground, which combines his self-questioning and life experiences with a historical analysis of the current situation, particularly the left today. More information and availability of the books is at Spring Garden Editions. A collection of his writing on music, from the eighties to the present is here.

A reviewer for the Washington Post said, "In the rarefied, underground world of experimental free improvisation, saxophonist Jack Wright is king."

Beginning in 2002 and until recent years Wright's Europe tours aimed to find new partners. Those with whom he was playing most consistently are Christine Abdelnour, sax, Paris; Pascal Battus, Paris; Alberto Braida, piano, Milan; Sebastian Cirotteau, tpt, Toulouse France; Phil Durrant, computer, violin, London; Michael Griener, drums, Berlin; Grundik Kasyansky, electronics, London; Hans Kocher, bass cl., Switzerland; Urs Leimgruber, saxes, Lucerne Switz; Andrea Neumann, inside piano, Berlin; Agnes Palier, voice, Rambouillet France; Eve Risser, Paris; Stephan Rives, soprano sax, Beirut Lebanon; Sharif Sehnaoui, guitar, Beirut; Fabrizio Spera, drums, Rome; Olivier Toulemonde, percussion, France; Guillaume Viltard, bass, Lyons; Sabine Vogel, flute, Berlin, and Christopher Williams, double bass, Berlin.

In this period h e frequently organized tours with Europeans in the US--Battus, Braida, Durrant, Griener, Neumann, Palier, Spera, and Vogel.

His major tours of the past two decades in Europe are here, and in North America are below, in retrograde order:

Wrest in the Southeast, July 2022; a mostly solo tour in NM and CO, Feb. 2020; Minimal Disturbance, Jan. 2020; solo and collaborations in Midwest, Dec. 2019; Never in Midwest, Sept. 2019; Roughhousing in Canada and US, Sept. 2018; Roughhousing on West Coast, April 2018; Roughhousing in the Midwest, spring 2017;with Bob Marsh in the Midwest, April 2016; with Zach Darrup, Nov. 2015, Wrest in Midwest and Southeast, June 2014, Sept. 2014, April 2013, Sept. 2012; with various partners in the West Coast, Fall 2010; with Bob Marsh, 2010 and 2011; with Pascal Battus on the East Coast, 2010; the Northwest, Feb. 2010; with Fabrizio Spera and Albert Braida on the East Coast, 2009; with Michael Johnsen, midwest; with Fabrizio Spera and Gust Burns in the Northwest; with Andrea Neumann and Stephane Rives on the East Coast (the Snowball Tour, 2008, joining also with 11 other musicians); with French soprano sax player Michel Doneda and percussionist Tatsuya Nakatani (From Between) in the US twice, France, and Japan, 2003-2007 (30 performances); with Agnes Palier and Olivier Toulemonde on the East Coast; with Carol Genetti, vocalist, and Jon Mueller, perc. (NomTom) in France and the US; with Pittsburgh electronicist Michael Johnsen and Sebastien Cirotteau of Toulouse, in Europe and the US; with Ben Wright, bassist, in the US; a cross-country tour with Michael Griener and Sabine Vogel of Berlin, 2004; and US tours with Reuben Radding and with Phil Durrant of London, 2003.
In recent years Wright's tours and most sessions have been with the musicians of Wrest, Roughhousing, Never, and Minimal Disturbance. Before then he had partners in most major cities of the US, over sixty US musicians, with whom he still plays when the chance arises. Among those of the past fifteen years, and including those of his present groups, are:

Alban Bailly, guitar and cello, Phila.; John Bennett, poet, Columbus OH; Ben Bennett, percussion, Phila.; Tyler (TJ) Borden, cello; Gust Burns, piano, Seattle WA; Edmond Cho, guitar, Easton PA; Patrick Crossland, trombone; Zach Darrup, guitar and objects, Phila.; Andrew Drury, percussion, Brooklyn NY; the late Michael Evans, percussion, Brooklyn NY; Carol Genetti, voice, Chicago; Jacob Heule, percussion, San Francisco; Joel Kromer, electronics, Bethlehem PA; Evan Lipson, double bass, Knoxville; Toshi Makihara, drums, Phila.; Bob Marsh, cello, voice, violin, Pueblo, CO; Joe Morris, guitar, New Haven CT; Johan Nystrom, drums, whereabouts unknown: Andrea Pensado, electronics, Salem MA.; Reuben Radding, bass, NYC; Ron Stabinsky, piano, Port Carbon, PA; James Strong, invented string instrument, Narberth PA; Matt Tomlinson, bass guitar, Phila. PA; Chris Welcome, guitar, NY; Walter Wright, electronics, Lowelll MA; Ben Wright, bass, Taos NM

Tours in Europe and Japan

Feature in Signal to Noise Magazine

publicity photos

  • Interview in Avant Music News Jan. 2014

    interview with Jack by John Berndt (also disponible en francais, as published in Improjazz)

    Tom Djll's journal of our 2002 east coast tour--descriptive, humorous, and analytical

    Contact: jackwri555 AT gmail DOT com

  • Spring Garden Music


     -- all are available from Spring Garden Music (SGM), very quick response, and most for $10 plus minimal postage: send order to jackwri444 at Also, many are available from the Downtown Music Gallery in NYC: and Squidco

    --more elaborate descriptions of SGM recordings are found here.

    A variety of music can also be found on the Sounds page, Jack Wright Soundcloud, Spring Garden Soundcloud and Spring Garden Music Bandcamp

    Internet Archive recordings in chronological order:

    Assorted Treats cassette released 1986, a better quality of which is to be found at Sample Tape 1979-1985

    Everybody Loves Texas cassette from tour with Andreas (Max) Stehle, saxophone 1987, released on Sound of Pig (Al Margolis)

    Tampa FL. Solo, released privately as cassette, 1988

    Boulder Trio with Barry Gilbert, tpt, Peter Halter, drums, plus a fourth track of larger session, 1990

    Killtime duo with Murray Reams, drums, 1991

    Radio lnterview in French on Taran's Free Jazz hour with guest Noel Tachet concerning the music of Jack Wright, 2004(?)

    Toshi Makihara, Evan Lipson, Jack Wright, Phila., 2006

    Olivier Toulemond, Agnes Palier trio in Berlin, 2006

    Grundik Kasyanski/Jack Wright, Grundik on electronics in NY 2006

    Guillaume Viltard/Grundik Kasyansky/Jack Wright, Huyswerk Concert, Antwerp Belgium 2008

    Johan Nystrom/Jack Wright, Paris, 2011

    Jared C. Balogh/Jack Wright, Allentown PA 2015

    Spring Garden Group various groupings in Saylorsburg PA and Mt. Airy-Philadelphia shows

    Ron Stabinsky, Jared C. Balogh, Zack Darrup, Guillaume Gargaud, Jean Philippe Gomez, Jack Wright, Scranton PA 2015

    Adam Pultz, Jared C. Balogh, Jack Wright, Allentown PA 2015

    Ed Cho, Joel Kromer, Jack Wright, session, Easton, 2015

    Saxophone Soup, eleven saxophonists, Philadelphia Aug. 2015

    Davey Williams, Jack Wright session, Birmingham AL 2016

    Patrick Crossland, Zach Darrup, Jack Trio, at Rhizome, DC 2017

    Walter Wright Duo, session, Lowell MA Aug. 2017


    Interview at CADENCE MAGAZINE July 2017, Cover photo and interview at p. 55-73

    Reviews of the book The Free Musics

    NEW RECORDINGS FROM JACK WRIGHT from The Free Jazz Collective, by Tom Burris, 2016

    This review covers Meet and Greet, duo of Zach Darrup and Jack Wright; Just What You Need Today, Jack and Ron Stabinsky, and This is Where You Get Off, a trio with Joel Kromer and Edmund Cho


    AS IF ANYTHING COULD BE THE SAME, Relative Pitch, 2014, Jack Wright and Ben Wright

    "A major figure in free improv since the ’70s, Jack Wright sounds like he’s pushing himself more than ever, with formidable chops and the imagination to articulate complicated and unconventional sounds, from nimble flutters, to animalistic wild boar snorts, to string-like or even car-alarm sounds." Ernie Paik,. Chattanooga (TN) Pulse

    What is notable about the Wrights’ approach to sound is the way it makes audible the physical confrontation of player and instrument. In fact, much of this is music that directly signals its origin in the body. The physicality of sound production—for example the inhalation and exhalation of the breath, the undertow of voice and the sonic signature of the lips which are so prominent in Could—makes itself felt at various points throughout the set. Daniel Barbiero, AMN Reviews

    " The two musicians share a language comprised of staccato passages, breathy space, and intense workouts, that while unpredictable and full of surprises, is imbued with meaning and understanding....nothing like I had ever heard before." by Paul Acquaro, Free Jazz Blog

    (At a performance in Albuquerque NM) "The two men fed off each other; lost in their own world. [I was] impressed by the seemingly accidental, subtle coordination between the two instruments.  When Jack went one way, Ben went the other, like they were anticipating the next move and knew exactly how to counteract it." Patrick DeBonis, Rave Deaf

    OVER THE TRANSOM: "Hell & Bunny" sounds like something you might come across over at, but in fact it's an improv duo consisting of cellist Hans Buetow and percussionist Ben Hall (I'm not sure who's hell and who's bunny but I guess it doesn't matter), who might be more familiar to readers as two thirds of Graveyards, with ol' Wolf Eye himself John Olson. On this splendid CDR release on the Alberta-based Bug Incision imprint they're joined by another prowling wolf of American free music, saxophonist Jack Wright, and it's the most impressive Wright release I've heard since the two trio dates with Michel Doneda and Tatsuya Nakatani, from between (SOSEditions, 2003) and No Stranger To Air (Sprout, 2006). At the turn of the century, Jack Wright took a decisive step (every step Jack takes is decisive) into lowercase territory, generously acknowledging the influence of Bhob Rainey, but throughout the decade his playing, especially solo, has gradually been getting more combative again – though it's nowhere near as fiery as it was back when he started out in the early 80s. On Over The Transom, Hall's soft mallets and Buetow's elegant micromelodies and delicate pizzicati pull him back into more restrained territory, but you can tell he's just itching to burst into flames. Wright has always taken the line of most resistance as a player (I still think he should team up with his English namesake Seymour), exposing himself to as much risk as he can find. Just as well he's not a Wall Street trader. Listen to how he jams the horn against his thigh and really goes for – and gets! – those awkward multiphonics, just when the music is quiet enough to show up the tiniest mistake. This stuff is as poised as gagaku, as focused as shodo and as intense as butoh.

    Dan Warburton, Paris Transatlantic, 2009

    AS IS: Decades ago, before Wire year zero, I wandered into a London record store, Honest Jon's, then located off Charing Cross Road, where a solo bass disc by Dave Holland was on the player. "That's far out," I remarked to Wire founder Anthony Wood, working behind the counter. "No, it's near in," he retorted. Even Anthony couldn't describe As Is as near in. Its three live tracks, two on soprano and one on alto, are uncompromising solo sax improv. Jack Wright left music in the mid-60's for radical politics. Returning in the late 70's to free jazz, by the milennium he was playing free improv with Bhob Rainey. If an improviser is producing tones at all on saxophone, it's hard to avoid a jazz element, and while the alto track starts out with noise, there's a moment when Wight is almost "soloing" on "Three Little Words". Raw, visceral, urgent, his music demands to be heard.

    --Andy Hamilton, "Jazz and Improv", The Wire, Dec. 2006

    UP FOR GRABS: There is much to like in Jack Wright's mature improvisations; the first feeling is one of "warmth": even at his most squealing corrosive, his soprano holds on to a nicely contoured permutation of fluted harmonics, sublingual contortions and analytic use of multiphonics, halfway through controlled stabilization and total fluster. Jack's soloist approach tends to a versatile evisceration of chosen parts, a monologue where larval hissing and note splitting are central for the exaltation of air's role in this beautiful gathering of physical imagery. Notes and  instrumental noises pour out in a deconsecration of useless sax gadgetry, hiding after their own deviated scoff to make one think about the many and one ways musicians could use to reverse immoral attitudes towards sound; people like Wright could deliver us from this impurity.

       --Massimo Ricci, touching extremes

    Jack Wright is bright, his playing powerful: These qualities forge an engaging combination. For the most part, his musicianship inhabits the extremes: Usually not the extremes of Jazz, but the extremes of free improvisation. While Wright is capable technically of playing almost anything on his saxes, he has of late chosen to pursue what he terms a "more feminine approach," where the focus is on pure sound, often (but not always) filtered by unabashed minimalism. Wright is a master solipsist; a fierce individualist in the tradition of Howard Roark, exuding inner strength while seeking or affirming objective truths...this is one of Wright's most esoteric solo ventures; and for those few who are likely to appreciate it, one of his most curious recordings.

        ---Steve Loewy, Cadence Magazine, April 2005

      CLANG: From the first warm saxophone notes wrapping around even warmer piano notes, it's clear that this is no ordinary Jack Wright record. Then again, every Jack Wright record is a bit of a shock, so that's a rather nonplussing statement. A particular quality that distinguishes this one is a luxurious "chamber" sound, with the conventionally tuned notes of Bob Falesch's piano resounding at every turn. It plays a bit like a Roscoe Mitchell and Matt Shipp duet. Beyond this overall surface feeling, the disc is packed with Wright's trademark un-trademark-able flood of reed newness.

    Enhancing both the surprising conventional aspect and the characteristic anti-conventional aspect, the stunningly vivid recording quality (courtesy of Bob Falesch's mysterious and elaborate machinations) makes this a disc that will seduce just about anyone plugged in somewhere to the broad spectrum of post-jazz improvisation; those already primed to savor the raw edges and unsafe trajectories of Wright's saxophone will do a double-take and then proceed to play the disc repeatedly, and those who are generally a bit queasy about this sort of thing will find their attention drawn beyond the details of Wright's playing and into the larger flow of conventionally rich and beautiful instrumental sound, finding the piano to be a counterbalance to any suspicious reed episodes....

          --Mike Parker, Bagatellen, concerning the CD Clang, Zeroeggie

    NOM TOM: These two extended improvisations feature the indefatigable road warrior of American improv, saxophonist Jack Wright, with two younger playing partners, percussionist Jon Mueller and vocalist Carol Genetti. Genetti is one of the more discreet improvising vocalists: there are no full-blown hysterics and theatrics here, just a patient exploration of tiny twitters, bleats and delicate overtones – imagine a small furry animal Tuvan throat singing – and Wright accordingly spends much of the time with his sax jammed tight against his trouser leg, muffling and filtering the sound much as he did on the exquisite series of albums he released a while back in the company of Bhob Rainey. Mueller's the wild card here, deftly avoiding classic improv percussion's nervous clatter and ping to concentrate on in-depth research into his beloved snare drum. The second track is more adventurous, filling the empty spaces of long dead reductionism with a whole range of sustained sonorities; about halfway through it turns into a veritable jungle (Indian, presumably, given the album title's reference to North Indian classical music), with Genetti squawking like a demented parrot and Wright growling menacingly in the undergrowth, while Mueller ticks away like a death watch beetle, leading the others into a nocturnal hooting contest. It's fascinating, superbly paced and impressive work, well worth checking out.

          --Dan Warburton, Paris Transatlantic, Nov. 2005,


    FROM BETWEEN: Many practitioners of lowercase Improv nowadays sound like they're going through the motions. Saxophonists and trumpeters spit, dribble, gargle and drool, guitarists and percussionists scratch their prostrate instruments as if they were pimples, and laptoppers sit statue-like behind their luminescent Apples fizzing like soluble aspirins. But albums like this show that lowercase definitely need not mean 'lacking in intensity and commitment'.

    Saxophonists Doneda and Wright have been active on either side of the Atlantic for going on 25 years, and each has recently contributed landmark documents to the solo sax repertoire, but the eventual collaboration that happened on Doneda's recent US tour turns out to be even better. Both are sufficiently inquisitive (and stubborn) not to rest on their laurels.

    --Dan Warburton, The Wire, Sept. 2004 

    BIRDS IN THE HAND: When two legends of american improvised music decide to share with us the space of a moment, their passion for the duo, we can only be curious, then won over. The saxophonist Jack Wright remains the most indispensable musician of his generation. A true catalyst of energy, indefatigable explorer, conjurer of white magic in a music inspired by black, he is still the reference par excellence for all the generations who have followed. As for Bob Marsh, he can be described as an agitator of the american alternative scene. Showing up everywhere, from California to Chicago, he brings his freshness and vigor of renewal to all projects in which he participates. We can understand from this past why he is still so courted. Birds in the Hand includes all the qualities and surprises we can expect, with a bonus of rare humor and complicity.

    --Sébastien Moig, Jazzosphere no. 19 (French publication)

    PLACES TO GO: In the rarefied, underground world of experimental free improvisation,saxophonist Jack Wright is king. For over 20 years as a pioneer of extended techniques like overblowing, tongue clicks, multiphonics and microtones assembled in spontaneous compositions, Wright’s been an inspiration, mentor and musical partner to many players. Here, with silence as his only foil, Wright solos in various live settings, creating a technical primer that demonstrates ecstatic flights of musical imagination unfettered by euphony or meter.

    Wright plays more wildly in Baltimore and more meditatively in Boston, but it sounds like he has the most fun recording in his own Boulder, Colorado, kitchen. Drawing on a vast vocabulary of hisses, clicks, pops, howls and siren blasts amid conventional tones, Wright blows complex, quickly flowing phrases that showcase not just creative virility but tremendous healing sanction-offering holy water from the horn of plenty.

    With nimble fingers--and an embouchure to die for (lips and tongue becoming subtle acrobats challenging a high blown wire without a net)--Wright ties his axe in knots and unties it with the dexterity of a prestidigitator. His mysterious, un-sax-like tones may sound like something imagined by a science fiction writer creating a Martian culture, but one thing the sax does exceptionally well is imitate the human voice, and Wright furthers this tradition of soulful cries by blending his own guttural or shrieked voicings with those of his instrument. Despite its difficulties, Wright’s music remains human and exciting because it is clear and true.

    --Jeff Bagato, the Washington Post, April 27 2001

    THE DARKEST CORNER: Increasingly, American improvisers have been looking as much toward European free improvisation and electro-acoustic explorations as they have toward the Free Jazz tradition for inspiration and opportunities for cross-fertilization. This recording provides a look at how musicians operating on the fringes are synthesizing this approach to create vital, expansive improvisation. The Darkest Corner, the Most Conspicuous brings together two generations of improvisers. Jack Wright and Bob Marsh are staunch individualists who have been practicing their art for over four decades; Wright from his base in Colorado and Marsh around Detroit. Bhob Rainey has been an integral figure in the Boston improv scene, though he has also spent time recently in Chicago. Lonberg-Holm is the fourth member here. The four have hooked up individually over the years, and this recording was made during a tour they put together. The pairing of two reeds and two cellos is a masterful combinations in the hands of these improvisers. Each is concerned with the tones between the notes, the space between the sounds, and the interaction of the two in an ensemble.

    There is an intimacy in this music, but rather than being conversational improvisations, the four come together to make music that is intrinsically interwoven. Each of the players spin intricate lines, but it is how these lines come together that creates the whole. There is a delicacy as they move from a hushed whisper to heated intensity. Throughout, there is an openness to their playing as they all maintain a collective balance to their spontaneous abstractions. Wright brings a free Jazz sensibility to the music, his grittier tone providing an effective foil to Rainey's sliding tonalities and stuttering percussive flurries. The two cellists constantly shift from linear arco to scrabbled textures as the woodiness of the instruments' tone ping-pongs off the breathiness of the horn players. Ideas are collectively molded and through these compact collective structures, it becomes next to impossible to keep track of the individual voices. This release is an acknowledgment of how improvisation continues to grow in the hands of musicians working independently to foster collective, spontaneous interaction. Listeners should also be appreciative of labels like CIMP for fostering and documenting sessions like these and making this music available."

    --Michael Rosenstein, from a review for Cadence Magazine, 2000

    PERFORMANCE AT 1999 HIGH ZERO: Wright was one of the jewels of the  Festival, a player with awesome technique and few evidently predisposed notions. Capable of passion-filled bursts that abruptly end, followed by gruff honks, slap-tongue, and a unique eclectic attack, Wright enthralled with his constantly surprising turns. Dressed in lavender shorts, Wright purposely makes a comic appearance, and when combined with his shtick (such as a soda can stuffed in the bell, or chasing around on stage like one of the Marx Brothers), the results are as visually appealing as the music is aurally attractive. In all, one of the most successful events of the Fest. [This set included four percussionists]

    [In another set] Wright is one of the most interesting and eclectic saxophonists on the scene. He plays sui generis, something that, when you consider the innovations on saxophone in recent years, is a remarkable feat. Wearing his characteristic purple shorts and mixed colored socks, Wright seems to blow without preconceived notions. He blows air, stuffs his horn with curiosities, launches enigmatic lines, and seems to create bursts of notes in reverse order. On soprano, his advanced techniques enthrall, as his mind works at super speed. Zornish at times, his squeaks and screeches are less random than coordinated, sporting little sounds, mouthpiece treasures, and spitting forth pings and pops: Donald Duck meets Evan Parker.

    --Steven A. Loewy, Cadence Magazine, Nov. 1999

    i can't stand myself when i hear Jack Wright! the man is a secret master of the universe. he waltzed into Baltimore last saturday, ate a quick meal of thai food with me and played an impromtu set at the red room and basically performed something like a lobotomy on me. everyone agreed. you just need to watch, listen and smell the man for yaself.
    --tom boram, Baltimore, May, 1999

    His musical language has the shape of a stream of consciousness in which the colours are made by a big repertoire of "strange" sounds, growls, overtones, multiphonics all played with strong feeling. He has very personal opinions about music and keeps himself out of the musical establishment to look for a more human and convivial relation with the listener
    ---Gianni Gebbia, Curva Minore, 1997

    "The startling quality of Jack's improvising is its 'concreteness,' by which I mean that it seems not to refer to anything outside what he is doing the moment you hear it. Looked at from a music theory standpoint you could break it down into streams of extended techniques, 'non-metric rhythms' and often 'non-western pitches', but it doesn't strike me in that way. The parts have a fluid unity and elemental range that I don't associate with 'music' or the saxophone-perhaps that's why I like it so much. The sound of a continually transforming timbre, a densely packed phrase that holds together, points towards a macrocosmic view, towards a choice of different listenings.

    Jack's playing is replete with the feeling that it is spontaneously structured on many different levels at once, and that you can choose to listen to different energies that run through it. It is truly polyphonic music, played on traditionally monophonic and linear instruments. Jack Wright's playing involves a constant self-reflexive listening. He listens intently to the sounds that he produces, and reacts to them as if they were another player -- it gives Jack's playing an eerie feeling of time, as if each moment were supremely contingent on the last, each a turn from the last. This sits well with my feelings of nihilism: that we are reinventing the world in each interaction.

    --John Berndt, Baltimore, 1993

    "Each improvisation had a unique logic: all followed strong linear rivers of consciousness, in which ideas developed slowly and thoroughly, almost Beethovenly. Improvisors know of the flickering of openings which tempt us away from that realm which we have set out to explore. Wright managed to keep his concentration, I think, by listening intently to himself: between phrases he would make tiny vocalized responses: a laugh or a surprised or approving grunt. The audience too listened closely and attentively. An entirely exceptional concert"
    --Dan Plonsey at Berkeley Store Gallery, Dec. 13, 1992, in Freeway

    "vitality and rampaging musical hullabaloo Get bored at a Jack Wright event? Impossible. He not only hears but sees the trail the music will follow. His sax can turn out express-train runs of short, rattled notes, then switch to slow, weaving threads punctuated by heavy voiceless breaths or even squealed vocal syllables. Virtually every time, the change in direction is exactly what you wanted to hear without knowing it. I'm not enough of an analyst to know how good he is technically, but Jack just might be the finest musical player I've heard this side of Indian master Ali Akbar Khan.

    I think most people find it hard to live with unpredictable music. I wish it was all like that-screaming messengers of Pan hurling themselves into the mists with engine full throttle and brake lines cut. Just listening-unquestioning, accepting, letting it fill me-I found that a curious thing happened. By my acceptance, I became the completing instrument, not only interpreting what I heard, but creating its final form. So even I, with my leaden fingers, was performing in a public place. That's a hell of a gift to receive, Jack. Come back soon."

    --Derek Davis, Welcomat, Oct. 21 1992, Philadelphia

    "For sheer maximum sax bravado, no one matches the intensity of Jack Wright, including Brotzmann or the Borbeto boys. Though his sometimes minimal approaches remind me more of someone like Luc Houtkamp, Jack is a positive electric force that just will not stop until the whole house is up on chairs dancing. You will smell the sweat beading on his balding head. You will writhe in agoney and delight. You will come away from the experience no better than before, but what fun, huh?"
    --Glen Thrasher, lowlife magazine, Atlanta 1991

    PERFORMANCE with Andreas Stehle in Germany: "Musik die Bisweilen ins Animalische Geht" : We heard music that for long periods left all known paths or, the other way around, in its strangeness and expressive power made us aware of the narrowness of these paths. Maybe the term music is already too narrow for these experiments of sound and rhythm spreading out to real orgies of sounds. This music becomes ritualistic, sometimes it sounds raw and sensual. The two saxophones [with altoist Andreas Stehle] give real mating calls and knocking sounds, the musicians bend with their instruments and stub out the sound on their knee like a smoked cigarette. Then the sound rises such that you're in the midst of an insect swarm. From there it moves of itself to the spherical; we hear lovely, for short moments almost classical sounds. These sounds seem so free of all formal corseting that involuntarily you perceive them as genuine expression of feeling. This music paints wildly and abstractly with a thick and bold stroke, and if you get to listen to it for a longer time it would positively be able to pole your brain current in a different way.
    Schwabische Zeitung, March 1986